Buying Investment Property in Florida – Complete Guide


Investing in real estate is a lucrative way to diversify your investment portfolio and generate passive income. The state of Florida has long been a popular destination for real estate investors due to its affordable housing market, strong job market, and thriving tourism industry. In this guide, we will explore the benefits of buying investment property in Florida and provide an overview of the real estate market in the Sunshine State.

Florida offers a range of investment opportunities for those interested in purchasing real estate. Investment properties in Florida can be a source of steady rental income, as well as an opportunity for long-term appreciation in property values. Rental properties, in particular, are in high demand due to the state’s growing population and popularity as a tourist destination. Moreover, investment properties can be a way to diversify your portfolio and build wealth over time.

The Florida real estate market has experienced steady growth in recent years. According to Zillow, the median home value in Florida is $281,000, with a year-over-year growth rate of 14.3%. The state’s housing market is characterized by low average home values and a stable economy, making it an attractive destination for both traditional and multifamily investors. The state is also home to several large metropolitan areas, including Orlando and Tampa Bay, which offer ample investment opportunities for real estate investors. Additionally, Florida’s thriving tourism industry and international airport hubs make it an attractive location for short-term rental investments such as vacation rentals and Airbnb properties.

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Types of Investment Property in Florida

When it comes to investing in Florida real estate, there are several types of properties to consider. The most common type of investment property is rental properties, which includes single-family homes, multi-family homes, vacation rentals, and Airbnb properties. Another type of investment property in Florida is short-term rental properties, which are typically rented out for periods ranging from a few days to a few months. Lastly, there are flip investments, which are properties that are purchased with the intention of renovating and selling them quickly for a profit.

Rental Properties

Rental properties are a popular choice for real estate investors in Florida due to the state’s strong rental market. Single-family homes are often the preferred type of rental property for first-time investors, as they are typically less expensive to purchase and maintain than multi-family homes. Multi-family homes, on the other hand, can offer higher rental income potential due to the presence of multiple units. Vacation rentals and Airbnb properties are also popular rental property options in Florida, especially in tourist-heavy areas such as Orlando and Miami. Also, getting landlord insurance in Florida can help protect your rental properties. 

a. Single-Family Homes

Single-family homes are standalone properties that are typically occupied by a single household. They can be rented out to long-term tenants, providing a steady source of rental income for investors. Single-family homes can be found in most Florida cities and are often preferred by families or individuals who want more space and privacy than an apartment or condo can provide.

b. Multi-Family Homes

Multi-family homes are properties that contain more than one dwelling unit, such as duplexes, triplexes, and apartment buildings. These properties can provide a higher rental income potential than single-family homes due to the presence of multiple units. However, they can also be more expensive to purchase and maintain. Multi-family homes are a popular choice for investors who want to build a portfolio of rental properties.

c. Vacation Rentals

Vacation rentals are properties that are rented out to tourists and vacationers for short-term stays. These properties can be found in popular tourist destinations such as Orlando, Miami Beach, and Key West. Vacation rentals can provide a higher rental income potential than long-term rentals, but they also require more maintenance and management.

d. Airbnb Properties

Airbnb properties are similar to vacation rentals in that they are rented out to short-term tenants. However, Airbnb properties are typically rented out on a room-by-room basis, rather than renting out the entire property. This can provide a higher rental income potential than traditional vacation rentals, but it also requires more management and maintenance.

Short-Term Rental Properties

Short-term rental properties are typically rented out for periods ranging from a few days to a few months. These properties can include vacation rentals, Airbnb properties, and other types of rental properties that are rented out on a short-term basis. Short-term rental properties can provide a higher rental income potential than long-term rentals, but they also require more maintenance and management.

Flip Investments

Flip investments are properties that are purchased with the intention of renovating and selling them quickly for a profit. This type of investment can be risky, as it requires a significant upfront investment and the potential for unexpected costs. However, successful flip investments can provide a high return on investment in a short amount of time.

Key Factors to Consider When Buying Investment Property in Florida

Investing in real estate can be a lucrative way to build wealth, but it’s crucial to choose the right property and location to ensure long-term profitability. When considering buying investment property in Florida, there are several key factors to take into account.


Location is one of the most important factors when investing in real estate. In Florida, there are many cities and towns to choose from, each with its own unique appeal. Some of the key considerations for location include:

  1. Job market – Look for areas with strong employment growth and a diverse range of job opportunities. Florida’s major cities like Orlando and Miami have a thriving job market with a variety of industries, including tourism, healthcare, and finance.
  2. Population growth – Florida’s population has been growing steadily in recent years, and this trend is expected to continue. Areas with strong population growth are likely to experience increased demand for rental properties and higher property values.
  3. Housing market – Analyze the local housing market to understand trends in property values and rental rates. Research factors such as average days on the market, median home prices, and the number of available rental properties.
  4. Rental growth – Look for areas with a strong rental market and a history of steady rental growth. This can provide a reliable source of income and increase the value of the property over time.
  5. Popular tourist destinations – Florida is a popular destination for tourists from around the world. Areas with a high volume of tourism, such as Orlando and the Gulf Coast, can provide excellent opportunities for short-term rentals and vacation homes.

Property values and purchase price

Understanding property values and purchase prices is essential when investing in real estate. Research recent sales in the area to determine whether the purchase price is reasonable and to assess the potential for future appreciation. Keep in mind that property values can vary significantly based on location and property type.

Rental income potential

Assessing rental income potential is another critical factor when buying investment property in Florida. Research local rental rates and occupancy rates to determine the potential rental income for the property. Consider factors such as the property’s location, size, and condition to determine the appropriate rental rate.

Cash flow and positive cash flow

Positive cash flow is essential for a profitable real estate investment. Consider all potential expenses, including mortgage payments, property taxes, insurance, and maintenance costs, when assessing the property’s cash flow. Ensure that the property has the potential for positive cash flow to avoid financial strain.

Property maintenance and management

Owning an investment property requires ongoing maintenance and management. Research local property management companies to determine the best option for your property. Consider factors such as the company’s fees, services, and reputation when making your decision. Regular maintenance and upkeep can help maintain the property’s value and ensure long-term profitability.

Top Florida Cities for Real Estate Investment

Florida is one of the most popular states for real estate investment due to its strong economy, job growth, and affordable housing market. If you’re considering investing in Florida real estate, it’s essential to research the top cities for investment opportunities. Here are the top Florida cities for real estate investment:


Orlando is known as the “theme park capital of the world,” with attractions such as Disney World, Universal Studios, and SeaWorld. These tourist hotspots attract millions of visitors each year, making Orlando an excellent location for short-term rental properties. Additionally, the city has a strong job market, with major employers such as Walt Disney World, AdventHealth, and Universal Orlando Resort. Orlando also boasts affordable home prices and a growing population, making it an attractive option for real estate investors.

Tampa Bay

Tampa Bay is another top Florida city for real estate investment, with a thriving economy and a growing population. The city is home to several major employers, including Raymond James Financial, Jabil Circuit, and Tech Data. Tampa Bay also offers a diverse range of investment properties, from single-family homes to multi-family apartment complexes. The city’s beautiful beaches and warm climate make it a popular tourist destination, making short-term rental properties a lucrative investment opportunity.

Fort Lauderdale

Fort Lauderdale is a coastal city in Florida known for its beautiful beaches and vibrant culture. The city is a popular tourist destination, with attractions such as the Fort Lauderdale Beach Park and the Bonnet House Museum & Gardens. The real estate market in Fort Lauderdale is strong, with affordable home prices and high rental demand. Fort Lauderdale also has a diverse range of investment properties, from single-family homes to multi-family apartment complexes.

West Palm Beach

West Palm Beach is a city in South Florida known for its beautiful beaches, luxurious lifestyle, and strong job market. The city is home to several major employers, including the Palm Beach County School District, Pratt & Whitney, and NextEra Energy. West Palm Beach offers a range of investment properties, from historic homes to luxury condos. The city’s proximity to Miami and Fort Lauderdale also makes it an attractive location for real estate investors.

Miami Beach

Miami Beach is a world-famous tourist destination known for its beautiful beaches, luxury hotels, and vibrant nightlife. The city has a strong economy, with major industries such as hospitality, finance, and healthcare. Miami Beach offers a diverse range of investment properties, from luxury condos to historic homes. The city also boasts high rental demand, making it a profitable location for short-term rental properties.

Financing Options for Investment Property in Florida

Financing is an essential aspect to consider when buying investment property in Florida. There are different financing options available for investment properties, and each comes with its pros and cons. In this section, we will discuss the most common financing options for investment properties in Florida.

Conventional Loans

One of the most popular financing options for investment properties is a conventional loan. A conventional loan is a mortgage loan that is not guaranteed or insured by the government. It is offered by private lenders and banks and usually requires a higher credit score and a larger down payment than other types of loans.

Conventional loans have some advantages for investors, such as lower interest rates and lower mortgage insurance premiums. However, the application process can be lengthy and requires extensive documentation, such as income verification and credit reports.

Down Payment Requirements

The down payment requirement for investment properties in Florida is typically higher than for primary residences. The required down payment may vary depending on the lender and the property type, but it usually ranges from 15% to 25% of the purchase price.

For example, if you are buying an investment property for $200,000, you may need to put down a minimum of $30,000 to $50,000 as a down payment. The larger the down payment, the lower the mortgage payment and the interest rate, which can increase the cash flow and profitability of the investment property.

Closing Costs

Closing costs are the fees and expenses associated with purchasing a property and obtaining a mortgage loan. These costs can include appraisal fees, title insurance, attorney fees, and loan origination fees, among others.

The closing costs for investment properties in Florida can vary depending on the purchase price, lender fees, and property type. However, it is common for the closing costs to range from 2% to 5% of the purchase price.

To mitigate these costs, some investors choose to negotiate with the seller to pay for some or all of the closing costs. However, this is not always possible, and it is essential to budget for these expenses when planning your investment strategy.

Steps in Buying Investment Property in Florida

Here are the seven steps you need to take when buying investment property in Florida:

  1. Research the real estate market: The first step to buying investment property in Florida is to research the local real estate market. This includes learning about current market trends, property values, rental prices, and vacancy rates in the area where you plan to invest. This information will help you determine the most profitable areas and property types to invest in.
  2. Set your budget and determine your investment strategy: Once you have an idea of what properties are available and what they cost, it’s important to determine your budget and investment strategy. This includes deciding how much money you can afford to invest, whether you want to buy a property outright or finance it with a mortgage, and what your long-term investment goals are.
  3. Choose a property type and location: Based on your budget and investment strategy, you’ll need to choose a property type and location. You may decide to invest in single-family homes, multi-family homes, vacation rentals, or short-term rentals. You’ll also need to choose a location that has strong rental demand and growth potential.
  4. Analyze potential rental income, cash flow, and property values: Before you make an offer on a property, you’ll need to analyze its potential rental income, cash flow, and property values. This will involve researching rental rates in the area, calculating the property’s monthly expenses, and estimating its potential resale value.
  5. Secure financing: If you’re planning to finance your investment property, you’ll need to secure financing from a lender. This may involve obtaining a conventional loan, working with a private lender, or using other financing options.
  6. Make an offer and negotiate: Once you’ve found a property that meets your investment criteria, you’ll need to make an offer and negotiate with the seller. This may involve submitting a written offer, negotiating the purchase price, and agreeing on the terms of the sale.
  7. Closing the deal: Finally, once you and the seller have agreed on the terms of the sale, you’ll need to close the deal. This involves signing legal documents, paying closing costs and fees, and transferring ownership of the property.

Risks and Challenges in Florida Real Estate Investment

Unexpected Costs

One of the biggest risks of investing in real estate is unexpected costs. Whether it’s a major repair or a surprise expense, unexpected costs can quickly eat into an investor’s profits. Investors should always have a contingency plan in place and set aside funds for unforeseen expenses.

Natural Disasters

Florida is known for its beautiful weather, but it’s also susceptible to natural disasters such as hurricanes, flooding, and tornadoes. Investors should be aware of the potential for natural disasters and take precautions to protect their investment, such as investing in insurance policies that cover natural disasters.

Changes in Rental Market Conditions

Another risk for real estate investors is changes in rental market conditions. Rental prices and vacancy rates can fluctuate depending on various factors, such as changes in the local economy or shifts in population demographics. Investors should stay informed about the local rental market conditions and be prepared to adjust their investment strategy if necessary.

Legal and Regulatory Issues

Legal and regulatory issues can also impact real estate investments. Landlord-tenant laws, zoning regulations, and tax laws can all affect an investor’s ability to generate profits from their investment. Investors should seek out professional legal and tax advice to ensure they are complying with all relevant laws and regulations.


Investing in real estate in Florida can be a profitable venture for both traditional and non-traditional investors. With the growing economy, population, and job market, along with the influx of domestic and international tourists, the Sunshine State offers a thriving market for investment properties.

In summary, some of the benefits of investing in Florida real estate include low average home values, stable economy, equity growth, strong monthly cash flow, and affordable housing market. However, investors must also be aware of the risks and challenges such as unexpected costs, changes in rental market conditions, natural disasters, and legal and regulatory issues.

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